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Tapsil Jati Adibasi Praktan Sainik Krishi Bikash Shilpa Kendra

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Beti Bachao Beti Padhao
   
 

The trend of decline in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), defined as number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age, has been unabated since 1961. The decline from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is alarming. The decline in the CSR is a major indicator of women disempowerment. CSR reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection, and post birth discrimination against girls. Social construct discriminating against girls on the one hand, easy availability, affordability and subsequent misuse of diagnostic tools on the other hand, have been critical in increasing Sex Selective Elimination of girls leading to low Child Sex Ratio.
Since coordinated and convergent efforts are needed to ensure survival, protection and empowerment of the girl child, Government has announced Beti Bachao Beti Padhao initiative. This is being implemented through a national campaign and focussed multi sectoral action in 100 selected districts low in CSR, covering all States and UTs. This is a joint initiative of Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Human Resource Development.

 
  THE OBJECTIVES OF THIS INITIATIVE ARE :
  • Prevention of gender biased sex selective elimination
  • Ensuring survival & protection of the girl child
  • Ensuring education and participation of the girl child
 
  About Scheme

1. The Census (2011) data showed a significant declining trend in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), calculated as number of girls for every 1000 boys between age group of 0-6 years, with an all time low of 918 in 2011 from 976 in 1961. The decline in CSR has been unabated since 1961. This is an alarming indicator for women disempowerment. It reflects both pre birth discrimination manifested through gender biased sex selection, and post birth discrimination against girls. The decline is widespread across the country and has expanded to rural as well as tribal areas.

2. Alarmed by the sharp decline, the Government of India has introduced Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) programme to address the issue of decline in CSR in 100 gender critical districts. Coordinated & convergent efforts are needed to ensure survival, protection and education of the girl child.

3.The Overall Goal of the Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao(BBBP) Scheme is to Celebrate the Girl Child & Enable her Education . The objectives of the Scheme are as under :-

  • Prevent gender biased sex selective elimination
  • Ensure survival & protection of the girl child
  • Ensure education of the girl child

4.The Beti Bachao Beti Padhao (BBBP) initiative has two major components. i) Mass Communication Campaign and ii) Multi-sectoral action in 100 selected districts (as a pilot) with adverse CSR, covering all States and UTs

a.Mass Communication Campaign on Beti Bachao Beti Padhao The campaign aims at ensuring girls are born, nurtured and educated without discrimination to become empowered citizens of this country. The Campaign interlinks National, State and District level interventions with community level action in 100 districts, bringing together different stakeholders for accelerated impact.

b.Multi-Sectoral interventions in 100 Gender Critical Districts covering all States/UTs:- Coordinated & convergent efforts are undertaken in close coordination with MoHFW and MoHRD to ensure survival, protection and education of the girl child. The District Collectors/Deputy Commissioners (DCs) lead and coordinate actions of all departments for implementation of BBBP at the District level. Mulit-sectoral interventions includes:

  • i)Ministry of WCD: Promote registration of pregnancies in first trimester in Anganwadi Centres (AWCs); Undertake training of stakeholders; Community mobilization & sensitization; Involvement of gender champions; Reward & recognition of institutions & frontline workers.
  • ii)Ministry of Health & Family Welfare: Monitor implementation of Pre-Conception and Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (PCP&DT) Act, 1994; Increased institutional deliveries; Registration of births; Strengthening PNDT Cells; Setting up Monitoring Committees
  • iii)Ministry of Human Resource Development: Universal enrolment of girls; Decreased drop-out rate; Girl Child friendly standards in schools; Strict implementation of Right to Education (RTE); Construction of Functional Toilets for girls.

Social Media Presence

  • YouTube: www.youtube.com/user/BetiBachaoBetiPadhao
  • MyGov: www.mygov.in/group_info/beti-bachao-beti-padhao
  • Vikaspedia:www.vikaspedia.in/social-welfare/women-and-child-development/betibachao-beti-padhao

More Information :

  • Scheme details - http://wcd.nic.in/BBBPScheme/main.htm
  • Implementation Guidelines – www.wcd.nic.in/BBBPScheme/ImplementationguidelinesofBBBPScheme.pdf
  • Trainer's Training Module: http://wcd.nic.in/BBBPScheme/trainingmodule.htm

What can we all do as individuals:

  • Celebrate the birth of girl child in the family and community
  • Take pride in daughters and oppose the mentality of ‘Bojh’ and ‘Paraya Dhan’.
  • Find ways to promote equality between boys and girls.
  • Secure admission to & retention of girl child in schools.
  • Engage men and boys to challenge gender stereotypes and roles.
  • Educate and sensitize our sons to respect women and girls as equal members of society.
  • Report any incident of sex determination test.
  • Strive to make neighborhood safe & violence-free for women & girls.
  • Oppose dowry and child marriage within the family and community.
  • Advocate simple weddings.
  • Support women’s right to own and inherit property.
  • Encourage women to go out, pursue higher studies, work, do business, access public spaces freely etc.
  • Mind his language and be sensitive to women and girls.

 
 
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